1. Which musical line of organum held the chant, and therefore was the foundation for the larger piece?

2. What 13th-century secular genre of song often used multiple languages across the different vocal lines?

3. These French nobles were some of the first to write monophonic secular music often surrounding poetry regarding "courtly love."

4. Who introduced the idea of rhythmic notation, or Franconian notation?

5. Which landmark was central to the development of polyphonic music in the late Medieval world?

6. Which two 12th-century composers drove the development of organum at Notre Dame?

7. Which prominent composer was associated with the church and was active in the fields of science and theology?

8. What musical style referred to the many new ideas of the composers/musicians at Notre Dame in the 14th century?

9. Which type of chant begins with two or more vocal lines sung at once and expands throughout the music?

10. Which 14th-century Ars Nova composer introduced the idea of measures and wrote many motets?

11. The earliest instrumental music written down was called a(n) ________ and were rhythmic dances that could be either monophonic or polyphonic.

12. Which dominating composer of his time first set the Mass Ordinary?

13. Which type of composition demonstrates a structure more concerned with musical patterns than with the relationship to the text?

14. Poetic/musical forms that gave rise to song types that remained popular for centuries were called _______.

15. Ancient Greek _____ served as the basis for scales used to organize pitches.

16. Which book from the Bible provided texts used explicitly for music?

17. What were the earliest versions of notation for Western music?

18. Which composer and theorist was responsible for expanding notation to the four-line staff?

19. What is the term for theater with music that contained a narrative?

20. What type of monophonic song was the music of the church for over a thousand years?

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